Definitions and Prohibitions

Bullying is defined as the repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal, or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at a victim that:

  • causes physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to the victim’s property;
  • places the victim in reasonable fear of harm to himself or of damage to his property;
  • creates a hostile environment at school for the victim;
  • infringes on the rights of the victim at school; or
  • materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school.

Cyber-bullying is bullying through the use of technology or any electronic means. This includes both the creation of a web page or blog in which the creator impersonates another person or the distribution or posting of information online if these acts create any of the conditions listed above.

State law prohibits bullying:

  • at school and at all school facilities;
  • at school-sponsored or school-related functions, whether on or off school grounds;
  • on school buses and school bus stops;
  • through the use of technology or an electronic device owned, licensed or used by a school; and
  • at non-school-related locations and through non-school technology or electronic devices, if the bullying affects the school environment.

State law also prohibits retaliation against a person who reports bullying, provides information during an investigation of bullying, or is a witness to or has reliable information about bullying.